Volume 6, Issue 1 (January 2022)                   AOH 2022, 6(1): 1198-1205 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadi H, Fazli Z, Taheri Pour M, Moradi Hanifi S. Modeling of Pool Fire Risk in a Chemical Warehousese. AOH. 2022; 6 (1) :1198-1205
URL: http://aoh.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-275-en.html
1- epartment of Occupational Health and Safety, School of Health, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran
2- 2Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran
3- Department of environmental Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- Health Reseach center, Life style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (268 Views)
Background: Pool fire is a phenomenon caused by the leakage of flammable materials on the ground leading to serious hazards, irrespective of its consequences. The proximity and high volumes of chemicals in warehouses require that the characteristics of various materials in warehouses be taken into account for calculating the chain effects of the pool fire. Methods:  One of the effective parameters in expanding the impact of the pool fire chain is heat flux value. There are different models for calculating and predicting it. In this study, two approaches of computational fluid dynamic (CFD), fire-driven fluid flow, fire dynamics simulator (FDS), and solid flame model were used to predict heat flux values. Results: In both models, the calculated heat flux was used to evaluate the effects on humans (first-degree burns, second-degree burns, and deaths) and the materials. The CFD results were compared with the results of the solid flame model, which indicated that there was little error in the predicted heat flux values. Conclusion: The results of this study can be used to better understand the effects of pool fire on chemical warehouses, and provide appropriate control measures to prevent such accidents in warehouses.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/25 | Accepted: 2022/01/20 | Published: 2022/02/14

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